In the course of its history, Campania has repeatedly had roles of primary importance in the local and supraregional spheres. This has led to the development of an important combination of popular and artistic culture. Thanks to its historical, artistic, archaeological, architectural and religious contents and thanks to the immense and extraordinary artistic heritage present in Naples, Campania is one of the regions with the highest density of cultural resources in Italy.
The cuisine of Campania is one of the most appreciated in the world, being able to export numerous products recognized at national and European level. Its cuisine, part of the Mediterranean diet, has been protected by UNESCO as an intangible heritage of humanity.
The Neapolitan Pizza is the symbol of regional (and national) cuisine and is exported worldwide, in fact, since 2017 the art of Neapolitan pizzaiuolo has been declared by UNESCO as an intangible heritage of humanity. Other typical dishes of the Campania cuisine are: the cardone (typical dish of the province of Benevento), the pasta with beans typical of the province of Benevento, the caprese (Naples), the soup maritata (Benevento), octopus 'alla luciana' (Naples), spaghetti allo Scoglio (Naples), pasta with beans and mussels (Naples), paccheri al ragù (Naples), chocolate aubergines (Salerno), maccaronara (Castelvetere sul Calore - Avellino), crusìcchi (Salerno), mugnatiello (Benevento). The confectionery tradition is also very vast, just think of Baba, Chiacchiere, Delizia al limone, Struffoli, Sfogliatella, Pastiera and Biscotti di Castellammare.
Campania offers breathtaking landscapes and scenery, from the mountains to the coast, passing through lakes and volcanoes. The region has 4 volcanoes, including the most famous and still active, Vesuvius. The most famous islands of Ischia, Capri and Procida are attractive for tourists from all over the world, such as the Sorrento coast and the Amalfi coast.
The region includes four areas that are historically, culturally and morphologically different from each other. Starting from the north, the sub-regions are: Terra di Lavoro, Sannio, Irpinia, and Cilento.
Avellino, Benevento, Caserta and Salerno are just some of the other destinations to visit in this magnificent region.
The human population of Campania has been attested since the Palaeolithic. The region was the subject of Greek colonization where Pithecusa (Ischia), first Parthenope and then Neapolis (Naples) and many other cities such as Poseidonia (Paestum) were founded. Campania became one of the most important cultural centers of Magna Graecia.
After the Greeks the region was colonized by the Roman Empire and from the economic point of view there was an extraordinary development of agriculture and trade, the region was in fact always one of the richest areas of the classical and Roman world and this led it to the nickname of Campania Felix.
After the war of Polish succession and the Austrian parenthesis, Campania passed to the reign of the Bourbons of Naples. During the reign of the two Sicilies, Campania obtained records and historical innovations, bringing the entire region to be one of the most powerful in Europe. In 1861 the region was conquered and annexed to the Kingdom of Italy.