Michelangelo Pistoletto. Non a caso Torino è considerata una capitale mondiale dell'arte contemporanea. Art and culture in Piedmont have very ancient origins, as do the first human settlements established in these territories. The region, however, experienced its period of greatest splendor under the long rule of the House of Savoy, which lasted until fairly recently.
Even the artistic fervour of the region has remained alive until today: this is attested by the fact that the main artistic currents of the Italian 20th century were born or developed in Piedmont, from the exuberance of the Futurists to Felice Casorati, from the Situationist International to the Arte Povera of Michelangelo Pistoletto from Biella. It is no coincidence that Turin is considered a world capital of contemporary art.
The food and flavours of Piedmont make up a very special regional cuisine, both in terms of production and recipes. Among the latter, the most famous are undoubtedly the bagna cauda, the Agnolotti, the gnocchi al Castelmagno (the latter is a typical cheese of the region) and the vitello tonnato, which is served both as an appetizer and as a main course.
The wines of Piedmont should also be mentioned. Barolo, Barbera, Asti Spumante, Barbaresco: many of the Piedmontese wines, most of which are produced from the Nebbiolo grape, are known and appreciated throughout the world. Barolo, among other things, is one of the ingredients of Barolo risotto, another of the typical recipes of Piedmontese cuisine.
Places and itineraries in Piedmont offer entertainment for all, as its lands are rich in natural resources and landscapes. An important place is occupied by the artistic and cultural heritage rich in evidence of different historical periods: from Romanesque, Gothic, Neoclassical, Baroque and contemporary art. The Baroque palaces, the Royal Residences, the churches, the castles, the thermal cities (Vinadio, Acqui Terme, Lurisia or Agliano Terme to name a few) and the religious tourism destinations make up the set of historical and natural itineraries. Of particular interest is the landscape cultivated with vineyards of Langhe, Roero and Monferrato. Piedmont is considered the Alpine region par excellence, as its name suggests, which means "at the foot of the mountain", in reference to the snow-covered and massive peaks that are among the highest in Europe, such as Monte Rosa and Monviso, from which the waters of the Po flow.
The history of Piedmont has its roots far back in time but what has historically characterized the region for what we know today is the domination of the House of Savoy under which the city of Turin was the capital of the Duchy of Savoy first, then the Kingdom of Sardinia and finally first capital of the Kingdom of Italy. In this sense the city of Turin and all of Piedmont had great importance in the period of the Risorgimento, importance maintained until today. The city of Turin, in fact, still remains one of the major Italian industrial centers.