The region boasts a rich history of internationally famous artists and academics: Raffaello Sanzio, a painter from Urbino who was among the greatest interpreters of the Renaissance, and with him other artists such as Gentile da Fabriano and Donato Bramante, but also Gioachino Rossini, one of the greatest opera composers in the history of music, Giacomo Leopardi, one of the greatest poets of the Italian nineteenth century and one of the most important figures in world literature, and Maria Montessori, known for his revolutionary teaching method appreciated and applied throughout the world.
The lives of these illustrious figures testify to the great cultural importance that this region has had in the various eras.
The food and flavours of the Marche region are based on products from both the land and the Adriatic Sea. Among the typical products there is a wide choice of cold cuts, sausages and cheeses: Fabriano salami, Ciauscolo, Carpegna ham, Casciotta d'Urbino and fossa cheese, to name a few.
The recipes of the Marche region testify the preference of the inhabitants for a cuisine with simple and robust flavours: among the favourite meats there is the pigeon, protagonist of many recipes, and as many recipes have as protagonists mussels, the bombetti (molluscs typical of that area of the Adriatic) and stockfish, such as the famous fish soup. There are also many dishes based on frying, especially the olives from Ascoli.
There are many places and itineraries in the Marches not to be missed: let's start from the main cities, Ascoli Piceno the city of travertine, Fermo with its Roman cisterns, Macerata the city of opera and the Sferisterio, Ancona the Doric city, Pesaro and its historic center and finally Urbino, a UNESCO World Heritage city.
There are, moreover, numerous monuments worthy of note immersed in the landscapes of the Marche: this is the case of the Temple of Valadier and the Abbey of San Vittore delle Chiuse, immersed in the heart of the caves of Frasassi.
Finally, the Marches are a pole for seaside tourism: among the most accredited destinations is mentioned San Benedetto del Tronto, but there are many other wonderful places, for example those of the Riviera del Conero.
The history of the Marches goes back a long way: the region has enjoyed a certain popular unity since the Iron Age, when the region was inhabited entirely by the population of the Piceni. Later, the region was of considerable importance both in the Roman and Medieval periods, and then became a real cultural hub during the Renaissance.
The main festivals and traditions of this land, such as the Palio della Quintana in Ascoli Piceno, date back to those periods.