The region of Molise is located in the area formerly identified as the Sannio area because it was inhabited by the Samnites, whose traces are evident in the art and architecture of the whole Molise. The region, later, had a strong development both in Romanesque and Medieval times, when the latter suffered greatly from the Swabian style.
The region also has many architectures related to the styles of Neoclassical and Eclecticism thanks to the work of reconstruction occurred around 1800 after a major earthquake.
Molise cuisine is very varied, and can boast as many as 159 traditional food products. Food and flavours of Molise have ancient roots, such as the famous Venafro oil, called Aurina for its characteristic colour, which can be found in the writings of Horace, Pliny and other Roman poets, proving that it was already very well known many years ago.
Molise also boasts a remarkable production of pasta and the most typical cut of the region is that of cavatelli, seasoned with various sauces, even if the most famous combination is that with pork sauce.
Speaking of the places and itineraries of Molise, one can certainly start from Isernia, the ancient capital of the Samnite populations. The province of Isernia also has much to see: the Collemeluccio reserve, a protected natural area and the medieval village of Venafro.
From the point of view of the natural tourism of the mountain landscapes, you are spoilt for choice: think of the attractions of the Apennine ridge and the matese massif (in particular Campitello Matese, which hosts a famous ski resort often the venue for events related to winter sports).
The history of Molise is very much linked to that of the Samnite populations and to that of the Roman settlements, as well as to the influence of the Swabian domination. Its traditions, on the other hand, are very much linked to the morphology of the territory, mainly mountainous and hilly. These are, in fact, peasant and mountain traditions that have remained unchanged over the centuries. The best example of this uncontamination is the tradition of the Zampognari, shepherds and peasants who move from rural areas to the inhabited centres of the cities playing their typical instrument, the Zampogna, during the Christmas periods. This custom is very deep-rooted and heartfelt, so much so that the Zampognari have earned a place in the typical Neapolitan crib.