Bologna is one of the most importante Italian cities, capital of Emilia Romagna region with a history several centuries long. Famous for its art, for its countless cultural activities and also for its excellent cuisine, Bologna is also known as the red, the fat, the learned.
- Piazza Maggiore is one of the first squares built in Italy after the fall of the Roman Empire. It's the heart of Bologna, famous for its historic buildings, in particular the unfinished Gothic Basilica of San Petronio, and the opposite Palazzo del Podestà, with the Arengo tower. Next to the latter is the Fontana del Nettuno, a fountain built in marble and bronze by Giambologna in the XVI century, as a symbol of papal power. It constitues the link between Piazza Maggiore and the smaller but not less important Piazza del Nettuno.
- The Garisenda Tower and the even more famous Asinelli Tower are the most important city's towers. Once Bologna had many of them, today there are only about twenty left. At the foot of the Torre degli Asinelli there are several artisan shops, from the top instead, just under 100 meters high, you can enjoy an exceptional view that on sunny days may reach even the sea.
- The Pinacoteca Nazionale is one of the major Italian museums, housing paintings by artists such as Raphael, Perugino, Tintoretto, Vasari and many others. It is also a cultural center of great importance for the study of art and the organization of events.
- Piazza Santo Stefano, is the place around which the complex of the Seven Churches winds, whose initial planning dates back to the V century. Today there are only four of the sacred buildings initially present, the other three were heavily modified during numerous restorations, but the overall appearance of the square still has enormous appeal.
- The Archiginnasio, former headquarters of the University of Bologna, built in the XVI century at the behest of Cardinal Borromeo, is one of the most beautiful Italian palaces. It is quite close to Piazza Maggiore and today houses one of the most well-stocked libraries in Europe. It also has an exceptional decorative structure that embellishes the arcades, vaults and monumental staircases.
Bologna has been a very rich city for several stages of its history and this has undoubtedly contributed to the birth of its second nickname, but when one thinks of Bologna the fat what immediately comes to mind are countless culinary specialties that can be tasted in the city.
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