Italy is known throughout the world as the "belpaese", in fact the fame attributed to it is not without foundations, the Italian peninsula is a real unicum.
Located in the heart of the Mediterranean Sea, Italy has always enjoyed a favorable climate that has characterized it as one of the most fertile places, which is evidenced by the fact that, over the centuries, it has been the common goal and often terrain of conflict between all populations who wanted to settle in a mild place, but also a goal of those kingdoms that saw in it an almost inexhaustible reserve of raw materials and fundamental for the daily needs and maintenance of them.
Some data perhaps help us to better understand the extraordinary importance of this country: from a scientific and naturalistic point of view, it must be said that Italy is the country with the highest rate of biodiversity in the world, but we must not forget a historical and cultural data of no less importance, that is, that in Italy there is 30% of the world's artistic heritage. These elments would be enough to make us understand the grandeur of this territory, but it must be said that Italy is not only special compared to other countries, in fact, visiting the boot from North to South, you can find that each place is characteristic and is specific to another. Travelling Italy is a continuous immersion in many universes, each with its own stories and traditions!
As far as the history of southern Italy is concerned, it must be said that it was populated even since the Palaeolithic. In pre-Roman times the hinterland was occupied by Samnite populations while Magna Graecia constituted the whole of the territories held by Greek settlers, who founded polis with commercial ties with their respective motherlands. Later, the entire territory became an integral part of the Roman Empire. Following the barbarian invasions the South of Italy was again divided between Ostrogoths and Byzantines, then between the latter and the Lombards. Following the Norman conquest of southern Italy, the entire territory was reunified and subjected to the kingdom of Sicily until, at the time of the Angevins took shape the kingdom of Naples. The immense historical, artistic, cultural and landscape heritage, make it almost impossible to give priorities or precise suggestions on the places to prefer over others. However, I think that some stages are really essential, starting from Naples, the new city founded by the Greeks, a city that has always stood out over the centuries for its intellectual and cultural ferment, and that, at the same time, is able to give the visitor, but also the citizen able to marvel, breathtaking landscapes. Do not forget extraordinary places such as Sicily, Sardinia, or Puglia and Calabria itself, which is in the city of Diamante the world capital of chilli.
Italy is really paradise, a paradise waiting only for you!
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