Are you in Rome for just one day? Don't worry, there are so many things you can see and do in Rome in 24 hours. Here is a little guide for you.
Rome is one of the most visited cities in the world and exploring it all requires a stay of several days, but you can admire the beauties of the Eternal City even in a few hours. In fact, on a full day, you can enjoy some of the most beautiful attractions and try some of the most excellent experiences of the Italian capital.
This short guide to the Roman city starts in the morning and takes you to dinner, but let's not waste any more time, let's find out together what to see in Rome in one day.
10. Imperial Forums
09.00 - The first stop is the Imperial Forums. Once they are the epicentre of the political and social life of ancient Rome. A series of five monumental squares were built between 46 BC. and 113 A.D. by Julius Caesar and later by the emperors Augustus, Vespasian, Nerva and Traiano.
Visiting these places allows you to take a real journey through time. The state of conservation of the archaeological remains of this area allows you to easily imagine how it was like this city centre two millennia ago.
9. The Colosseum
10:30 a.m.- The Colosseum needs no introduction. It is one of the wonders of the world and one of the most famous and visited attractions ever. Whether you stay for a day or a month in Rome, you can't help but visit it. The Colosseum is one of the most evident symbols of the historical greatness of Rome. Known as the Flavian Amphitheater, it was the scene of bloody shows and battles during the imperial period of Rome.
The Colosseum is the largest theatre of antiquity. It owes its name to its size, but some believe it is since there was a huge bronze statue of Nero nearby. The building is almost 50 meters high, covered in travertine, and is divided into 4 orders.
In 1990 it became one of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites and in 2007 it became one of the new wonders of the world.
8. Venice square
At noon - A stone's throw from imperial Rome is Piazza Venezia. The square is located between Via del Corso and Via dei Fori Imperiali. It owes its name to a palace donated by Rome to the Republic of Venice. Its current shape is due to the construction of the work by Giuseppe Sacconi, known as the Altare Della Patria, completed in 1911.
The work is a monumental architecture that, through stairways, terraces and bas-reliefs, rises from the ground up to a collonaded portico, surmounted by bronze quadrigas.
Since 1921, the altar of the homeland has housed the body of the unknown soldier. Between 1929 and 1943, Piazza Venezia and the homonymous Palazzo Venezia were the home of the Italian government.
7. Trevi fountain
1:00 p.m. - A stone's throw from Piazza Venezia, the tour continues towards the most famous of the Roman fountains: the Trevi Fountain, a casket of water and stone. The fountain is the terminal of the Vergine aqueduct. It's one of the ancient Roman aqueducts that is currently still in use since ancient times.
It owes its name because in this place both three streets and three streams of water converge. The current Trevi fountain is the result of a competition launched by Pope Clement XII in 1732 and won by the architect Nicola Salvi. At the centre of the fountain dominates the statue of Oceano driving the shell-shaped chariot. The façade is a sort of triumphal arch that evokes the legend and history of the fountain itself.
One of the customs, related to the fountain, is to throw a coin into the fountain, which will take you back to Rome, while if you are looking for love you will have to look for a second and a third coin.
6. Trajan's Forum and Trajan's Column
3:00 p.m. - After the Trevi fountain and having taken a small lunch break, the tour of Rome in one day continues to another forum, that of Trajan. Here the Trajan column stands out. The structure was erected in 113 AD. to celebrate the Dacia campaign of the emperor Trajan. The column is unique in its kind, as it is the first coclide column, that is, with spiral decorations.
The column was designed by Apollodorus of Damascus and reaches almost 40 meters in height in its 17 drums with a diameter of about 4 meters that make up a story of about 200 meters.
The column also served as the emperor's mausoleum.
5. Spanish steps
4:00 p.m. - The early afternoon takes you to visit the "living room of Rome". Piazza di Spagna with its Spanish Steps is one of the major meeting places of the Romans.
The Spanish Steps was built at the beginning of the eighteenth century by the architect Francesco De Santis and joins Piazza di Spagna and the slopes of the Pincio hill at the top where the church of the Holy Trinity stands out. The church was built at the end of the fifteenth century and ideally overlooks the staircase and the fountain of the "Barcaccia", by Pietro Bernini, father of the more famous Gian Lorenzo.
4:30 p.m. - Leaving the Spanish Steps behind you, a few steps from the Tiber, you will find one of the best-preserved monumental works of ancient Roman architecture: the Pantheon. The greatest architects in history have passed by Rome to study its geometry and its proportions.
The first layout of the Pantheon dates back to the 1st century BC, built by Marco V. Agrippa, a collaborator of Augustus, but its current form with the arcaded square dates back to the 2nd century AD. with the emperor Hadrian.
The Pantheon (the temple of all the gods) has a cylindrical body, preceded by a portico that supports a triangular tympanum. The building is covered by a large hemispherical dome with an oculus in the centre. It illuminates the entire room.
After the unification of Italy, it assumed the function of shrine to the kings of Italy, with the remains of Vittorio Emanuele II, Umberto I and Margherita di Savoia, in addition to those of Raffaello Sanzio already present.
3. Piazza Navona
5:00 p.m. - The afternoon is about to end in Piazza Navona, one of the most beautiful expressions of Baroque Rome. The square was born from the remains of the stadium of Domitian (it's still visible in the subsoil of the city). The square takes the form of the ancient stadium and, for a certain period, also the function.
In the centre of the square, there are three large fountains. The fountain of the Four Rivers in the centre is designed by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. On the sides of the square, there are some of the most important Baroque buildings of Rome such as Palazzo Pamphilj and the church of Sant'Agnese in Agone, completed and modified by Borromini.
2. Castel Sant'Angelo
6:00 p.m. - After crossing the Tiber, across the Vittorio Emanuele II Bridge, on the right you will find Castel Sant’Angelo, also known as Mole Adriana or Hadrian's Mausoleum.
Castel Sant’Angelo was built in the 2nd century AD. by the emperor Hadrian who had a funerary monument for himself and his family like Augustus.
The mausoleum is made up of a cubic marble base onto which a circular drum is grafted. A corridor at the base leads to the sepulchral chamber which housed the ashes of the emperors Hadrian, Antoninus Pius, Commodus, Marcus Aurelius, Septimius Severus, Geta and Caracalla.
It lost its function as a mausoleum when it was included in the Aurelian walls in the 6th century, assuming the current name of Castel Sant'Angelo. Later it was further fortified becoming a safe residence for the popes in times of war.
1. St. Peter's Square
6:30 p.m. - The tour ends in the heart of world Christianity: St. Peter's Square. It owes its shape to the characteristic colonnade built by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The colonnade is made up of 284 columns arranged in 4 rows.
The columns are designed according to a series of optical illusions that seem to make the colonnade breathe with the columns appearing and disappearing, approaching and distancing. There are also marble discs that show you the real centre of the square and where you can look at the colonnade to witness these optical effects.
The entire square is wrapped in the colonnade and ideally closed by the majestic St. Peter's Basilica, which was built in about 200 years and on which stands the sixteenth-century dome designed by Michelangelo and completed by Giacomo Della Porta and Domenico Fontana.
The interior of the Basilica and the Vatican Museums houses some of the most famous works in the history of humanity from Bernini to Michelangelo, passing through Giotto, Caravaggio and Borromini, as well as the remains of St. Peter.
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