Leonardo da Vinci certainly deserves a place of honor among the most important figures in Italian history.
Leonardo da Vinci: an Italian pride
The myth of Leonardo and La Gioconda
Thousands of pages have been written about Leonardo da Vinci and countless documentaries have been shot. Every creation of his is worthy of fame and everlasting glory! But undoubtedly his name is linked to one work above all: the famous Gioconda. How many interpretations have been given of the enigmatic painting that the great artist brought with him to the land of France, where "his sacred remains" still rest. But the myth of Leonardo da Vinci cannot be enclosed only by the magical power of the painting now preserved in the Louvre.
Leonardo and Italy: the Uffizi in Florence
If you want to admire Leonardo da Vinci's early works you should definitely visit the Uffizi in Florence. In fact, in Room 35 of the famous Florentine museum, recently redesigned, the three paintings that Leonardo painted before his departure for Milan in 1482 are preserved. The first is the famous Baptism of Christ executed for the church of San Salvi between 1975 and the '78, when Leonardo was still in the workshop by the master Verrocchio.
The second work is the Annunciation for San Bartolomeo in Monteoliveto, the cover image of each History of Art manual. Painting where Leonardo gave the first essays of his studies on the atmosphere and aerial perspective.
The third painting is The Adoration of the Magi made for the Augustinians of San Donato a Scopeto from 1481, but left "unfinished" for the aforementioned trip to Lombardy.
Leonardo and Italy: Milan, the Cenacle
The historiographical tradition tells us that Leonardo was sent with Atalante Migliorotti in 1482 by Lorenzo il Magnifico to the Milanese court of Ludovico il Moro for a particular mission: to present to the Duke of Milan a silver lira made by himself. Thus began Leonardo's Milanese stay, a stay made of art, science and so much genius. But not all of Leonardo's Milanese works remained in their homeland. Just think, by way of example, of the two versions of the Virgin of the Rocks, migrated to the Louvre in Paris and to the National Gallery in London.
The work, instead, that we can still admire on the spot, and that every visitor cannot miss in his stay in Milan is the famous Last Supper painted by Leonardo between 1494 and 1497 in the refectory of the church of Santa Maria delle Grazie by will of the duke Ludovico il Moro. Leonardo wanted to do the work, however, by resorting to a particular interpretation of his mural painting: for this reason the painting immediately deteriorated, forcing him to a "secular battle with time and with restorers". One of Leonardo's many experiments, genius and recklessness ...
But then, did Leonardo really depict the Magdalene next to Jesus Christ?
At the Maestro's home: the Leonardo da Vinci Museum
Our (and your) journey into the wonderful world of Leonardo "made in Italy" ends right there, where it all began back in April 15, 1452. In fact, the last and mandatory stop is right in his hometown, in Vinci , to visit the Leonardo Museum.
The history of the worthy institution begins during the 4th centenary of Leonardo's death, in 1919, with the donation of the Castello dei Conti Guidi to the Tuscan municipality. Another fundamental date is 1953, when IBM made an exceptional gift to the municipality of Vinci: a conspicuous number of models made on the basis of some projects of the Tuscan genius. Since then the Museum has become, also thanks to the constant work of modernization and renovation and the expansion of the site with the acquisition of the Palazzina Uzielli, the living and pulsating symbol of "Leonardo's great brain machine".
But it doesn't end here! In fact, inside the rich and articulated path of museum, there is also the Casa Natale of Anchiano, where the Tuscan artist made his first cries.
And in this sacred place, so loved and studied by the scholars and intellectuals of the nineteenth century, that your journey will have to be interrupted.
In prayer, with the head turned to the Mecca of Art and Science...
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